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Biology and Control of Coniophora eremophila on Lemon Trees in Arizona. D. M. Bigelow, Research Specialist, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721. M. E. Matheron, Extension Plant Pathologist, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Arizona, Yuma 85364; and R. L. Gilbertson, Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721. Plant Dis. 80:934-939. Accepted for publication 13 May 1996. Copyright 1996 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/PD-80-0934.

A survey of mature lemon trees showed an average of 30% of trees with symptoms of brown heartrot caused by Coniophora eremophila. Growth of C. eremophila inoculated into branches of Valencia orange. Marsh grapefruit, Orlando tangelo, or Lisbon lemon on rough lemon root-stock was significantly higher in lemon than in other types of citrus. C. eremophila inoculated into Lisbon lemon branches on trees established on rough lemon, volkameriana, macrophylla, Cleopatra mandarin, sour orange, or Troyer citrange rootstocks showed no significant differences in growth. Somatic incompatibility tests of isolates from one mature orchard demonstrated that isolates from different trees were incompatible. In vitro fungicide trials showed that NECTEC P paste and NECTEC blank paste effectively reduced decay on lemon blocks 15 weeks after inoculation with C. eremophila. Field fungicide trials showed that NECTEC P paste with fungicides, as well as the blank paste without fungicides, significantly inhibited the advance of the fungus 7 months after inoculation. Also, propiconazole at 10,000 g/ml, imazalil at 20,000 g/ml, or propiconazole al 10,000 g/ml in combination with imazalil at 20,000 g/ml significantly inhibited the advance of the fungus.