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Mexican Oat Germ Plasm as a Source of Resistance to Stem Rust and Crown Rust. J. J. Salmeron, Oat Breeder, INIFAP, Campo Experimental 'Sierra de Chihuahua, Cd. Cuauhtemoc, Mexico. D. E.Harder, J. Chong, Research Scientists, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Cereal Research Centre, 195 DafoeRoad, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2M9, Canada; and D. D. Stuthman, Agronomist, Department of Agronomy, Universityof Minnesota, St. Paul 55108. Plant Dis. 80:404. Accepted for publication 20 December 1995.. This article is in the public domain and not copyrightable. It may be freely reprinted with customary crediting of the source. The American Phytopathological Society, 1996. DOI: 10.1094/PD-80-0404.

One hundred and three lines and cultivars of oat used as progenitors in the oat breeding programs in Chihuahua and Chapingo, Mexico, were tested for resistance lo stem rust and crown rust. Each line or cultivar was evaluated in the seedling stage to races NA8, 16, 25, 26, 27, 28, and 55 of Puccinia graminis f. sp. avenae (stem rust), and isolates CR13, 20, 36, 50, 152, and 169 of P. corollata f. sp. avenae (crown rust). Additional tests were performed on crown rust resistant lines with isolates CRI85 and CR225. The same material was tested in the adult plant stage in field nurseries inoculated with a composite of the above rust isolates, except for NA26. Of the 103 lines evaluated in the seedling stage to stem rust, 32 were resistant to all races except NA28, indicating the presence of gene Pga. The presence of genes Pg2 + Pg9, Pga + Pg9, Pg4, and Pg13 were indicated in 15, 9, 1, and 4 lines, respectively. In the remaining 41 lines, the identity of possible resistance genes could be determined from the seedling tests. The field tests indicated the presence of the adult plant resistance gene PglI in 22 of the lines. Twenty-eight lines were detected with seedling resistance lo crown rust. Of these, 8 lines may contain gene Pc59. The results indicate the presence of potentially useful sources of resistance, warranting further genetic studies to confirm these preliminary findings.