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Wheat Root Rotting Fungi in the "Old" and "New" Agricultural Lands of Egypt. Hanafy M. Fouly, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences,; University of Illinois, Urbana 61801. W. L. Pedersen, Department of Crop Sciences, H. T. Wilkinson, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801; and M. M. Abd El-Kader, Division of Plant Protection, National Research Center, Dokky, Egypt. Plant Dis. 80:1298-1300. Accepted for publication 23 July 1996. Copy right 1996 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/PD-80-1298.

Surveys were conducted from November 1991 to June 1992 to identify fungi associated with wheat root rot in the Nile Valley, delta region, and new land areas of Egypt. A total of 1,024 fungal isolates were made from diseased roots and crowns of commercially grown spring wheat in Egypt. Thirteen different species were identified. The most frequently isolated fungi were Fusarium culmorum, F. oxysporum, F. solani, Rhizoctonia solani (AG)-4, Macrophomina phaseolina, and Alternaria solani, which represented 168, 134, 66, 221, 193, and 63 of the total number of isolates, respectively. The identification of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. graminis from the new lands is the first report of this pathogen in Egypt. F. graminearum, a Helminthosporium sp., R. solani (AG)-4, and M. phaseolina aggressively rotted roots of the most widely planted spring wheat cultivar, Sakha 69.