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Impact of Dwarf Mistletoe on Jack Pine Forests in Manitoba. F. A. Baker, Department of Forest Resources, Utah State University, Logan 84322-5215. M. Slivitsky, and K. Knowles. Forest Protection, Forestry Branch, Manitoba Department of Natural Resources, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3N 1Z4. Plant Dis. 76:1256-1259. Accepted for publication 31 May 1992. Copyright 1992 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/PD-76-1256.

Incidence of forest areas severely infested with dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium americanum) was assessed from the air on 140,000 ha of mature jack pine (Pinus banksiana) in commercially important forests in Manitoba. Approximately 12,000 ha or 9% of the area surveyed was infested. This dwarf mistletoe kills jack pines and reduces crown closure. Crown closure was used as a surrogate for stand density in computing stand timber volume. If crown closure was 5170% in the absence of dwarf mistletoe, the infested area could have supported as much as 53% more volume than was present. If crown closure exceeded 70% without dwarf mistletoe, timber volume would have been 70% greater than that present. The volume reduction caused by dwarf mistletoe represented 48% of the merchantable volume on the surveyed area.