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Incidence of Yellows in Carrot and Lettuce and Characterization of Mycoplasmalike Organism Isolates in Oklahoma. D. Errampalli, Department of Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078. J. Fletcher, and P. L. Claypool. Department of Plant Pathology, and Department of Statistics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078. Plant Dis. 75:579-584. Accepted for publication 16 November 1990. Copyright 1991 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/PD-75-0579.

Incidence of yellows was greater in lettuce (Lactuca sativa) than in carrots (Daucus carota) and greater at two eastern Oklahoma sites than at a site in central Oklahoma. Eight isolates of mycoplasmalike organisms were collected from carrots, lettuce, and daisy fleabane (Erigeron strigosus). These isolates were separated into four groups based on distinctly different symptom-atology on aster (Callistephus chinensis). Six of these isolates (two groups) had symptomatology similar to that of aster yellows. Based on the symptomatology on celery (Apium graveolens), these six isolates fit the traditional criteria for aster yellows “Western strains.” Mycoplasmalike organisms were detected by electron microscopy in representative plants infected with each isolate. Our data indicate occurrence of more than one mycoplasmalike organism in vegetable crops of Oklahoma.