Previous View
APSnet Home
Plant Disease Home



Transmission of Exotic Citrus Tristeza Virus Isolates by a Florida Colony of Aphis gossypii. R. K. Yokomi, Research Entomologist, USDA-ARS, U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory, Orlando, FL 32803. S. M. Garnsey, E. L. Civerolo, and D. J. Gumpf. Research Plant Pathologist, USDA-ARS, U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory, Orlando, FL 32803; Research Plant Pathologist, USDA-ARS, Fruit Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705; and Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Riverside 92521. Plant Dis. 73:552-556. Accepted for publication 25 January 1989. Copyright 1989 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/PD-73-0552.

A diverse group of citrus tristeza virus (CTV) isolates collected from 10 countries (Argentina, Brazil, China, Israel, Japan, Reunion, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, and the United States) was tested for transmissibility by a Florida colony of the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii. Of 42 isolates tested, 21 were transmitted by the aphid. At least one isolate from each country was transmitted. Transmission percentages calculated for single aphid transmission ranged from 3 to 11% for some exotic isolates. Aphid-transmitted subcultures of several original source isolates that induce CTV decline, seedling yellows, and sweet orange and grapefruit stem pitting were compared for host reactions. All disease components were transmitted. Reduction of virulence of some aphid-transmitted subcultures was obtained by deliberate selection of variants in Mexican lime indicators compared with the original isolate. These results indicate that exotic CTV isolates, markedly more destructive to citrus than CTV isolates commonly found in Florida, could be spread readily by endemic A. gossypii, if introduced.