Plant Disease 1988 | First Report of Aphanomyces cochlioides on Sugar Beet in Texas

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First Report of Aphanomyces cochlioides on Sugar Beet in Texas. C. M. Rush, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, 6500 Amarillo Boulevard West, Amarillo 79106. . Plant Dis. 72:79. Accepted for publication 8 September 1987. Copyright 1988 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/PD-72-0079C.

Samples of diseased sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) were taken from a producer's field located south of Hereford, Texas, in September 1986. Symptoms included wilted, chlorotic tops, taproot tip rot, and black, necrotic lateral roots. An attempt to isolate the causal agent on water agar, PDA, and media selective for Fusarium and Pythium was unsuccessful. Soil samples taken from the field were planted with sugar beet seed in greenhouse studies. Approximately 3 wk after emergence, seedlings began to die. Hypocotyls became water-soaked and turned light brown and eventually black. With use of water agar and a selective medium for Aphanomyces (1), A. cochlioides Drechs. was consistently isolated from infected root and hypocotyl segments. Later, oospores of the fungus were produced in the laboratory and used to infest soil in which sugar beet seed were planted. Noninfested soils were included as controls. All seedlings emerging from infested soil became diseased and showed typical black root symptoms, and A. cochlioides was reisolated from infected hypocotyl tissue. Seedlings in noninfested soil appeared healthy. This is the first report of A. cochlioides in Texas.

Reference: (1) W. F. Pfender et al. Plant Dis. 68:845, 1984.