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Survey of California Asparagus for Asparagus Virus I, Asparagus Virus II, and Tobacco Streak Virus. Peter G. Falloon, Crop Research Division, D.S.I.R., Private Bag, Christchurch, New Zealand. L. M. Falloon, Crop Research Division, D.S.I.R., Private Bag, Christchurch, New Zealand, and R. G. Grogan, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis 95616. Plant Dis. 70:103-105. Accepted for publication 22 July 1985. Copyright 1986 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/PD-70-103.

Spear samples were collected from 40 asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) fields in California and from 100 female and 100 male asparagus plants in the U.C. 157 Foundation Seed block at Davis. Fern and spear samples were collected from parent plants of the asparagus hybrids U.C. 157 and Ida-Lea. Sap from samples giving positive reactions after mechanical transmission to Chenopodium quinoa was tested for asparagus virus I (AV I) with immunosorbent electron microscopy or for asparagus virus II (AV II) or tobacco streak virus (TSV) in Ouchterlony double-diffusion plates. Both AV I and II were found throughout California and in the U.C. 157 Foundation Seed block. TSV was not found. AV II was seed-transmitted in U.C. 157 and Mary Washington. Both male and female parents of U.C. 157 and Ida-Lea were infected with AV II, but tissue-cultured plants derived from them were free of the virus. A stock of parent plants of Ida-Lea free of AV I, AV II, and TSV has been established.

Keyword(s): asparagus decline, Fusarium.