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Pictorial Assessment Key to Determine Fungicide Concentrations That Control Anthracnose Development on Cucumber Cultivars with Varying Resistance Levels. D. C. Thompson, Former Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695-7616. S. F. Jenkins, Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695-7616. Plant Dis. 69:833-836. Accepted for publication 31 May 1985. Copyright 1985 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/PD-69-833.

A pictorial assessment key was developed using photographs of cucumber leaves naturally infected by Colletotrichum lagenarium. The rating scale (18) was divided into ranges of 01, 13, 36, 612, 1225, 2550, 5075, and 75100% diseased tissue. The assessment key was used to evaluate anthracnose development at two locations on two cucumber cultivars with genes that condition differing levels of resistance. These cultivars received four rates of chlorothalonil weekly. Higher rates of chlorothalonil application and inoculation of the central four to six plants compared with whole-plot inoculation resulted in less anthracnose development, measured as area under the disease progress curve or final disease severity. The greater resistance to anthracnose in the cultivar Calico compared with that in Calypso was equal to about 0.4 kg of chlorothalonil applied weekly. This fungicide equivalent was not altered by environment but was affected by inoculum distribution and the disease variable used to calculate the fungicide equivalent.

Keyword(s): Cucumis sativus.