Previous View
 
APSnet Home
 
Plant Disease Home


VIEW ARTICLE

Research

Integrated Control of Snap Bean Diseases Caused by Pythium spp. and Rhizoctonia solani. J. A. Lewis, Soilborne Diseases Laboratory, Plant Protection Institute, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705. R. D. Lumsden, and G. C. Papavizas, Soilborne Diseases Laboratory, Plant Protection Institute, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705, and J. G. Kantzes, Department of Botany, University of Maryland, College Park 20742. Plant Dis. 67:1241-1244. Accepted for publication 16 May 1983. This article is in the public domain and not copyrightable. It may be freely reprinted with customary crediting of the source. The American Phytopathological Society, 1983. DOI: 10.1094/PD-67-1241.

In a 4-yr field study at Salisbury, MD, an integrated control approach with cultural and chemical components successfully reduced snap bean diseases caused by the soilborne plant pathogens Pythium spp. and Rhizoctonia solani. The major control component was plowing infested soil to a depth of 2025 cm rather than disking to 57 cm before planting. This procedure alone generally increased plant stand and vine weight and always increased yield. Pod weights were increased 43100% in each of 4 yr in the plowed soil. Chemical seed treatment with metalaxyl or metalaxyl plus chloroneb also increased plant stand and weight, but the magnitude of the increase was not as great as that achieved with plowing. In 3 of 4 yr, plowing in association with seed treatment gave a greater yield than that attained when each component was used individually. Preparations of fungal and bacterial biological control agents added in-furrow or to seed were ineffective in reducing disease when used individually or in combination with cultural or chemical methods. The inoculum densities of Pythium spp. and R. solani were less in plowed soils than in disked soils.