Secretaría de Ciencia y Tecnología de la Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (SECyT)-Instituto de Fitopatología y Fisiología Vegetal (IFFIVE-INTA), Camino 60 Cuadras Km 51/2 (5119) Córdoba, Argentina
P. M. López
Instituto de Fitopatología y Fisiología Vegetal (IFFIVE-INTA), Camino 60 Cuadras Km 51/2 (5119) Córdoba, Argentina
Expert from the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA). Japan
Instituto de Fitopatología y Fisiología Vegetal (IFFIVE-INTA). Camino 60 Cuadras Km 51/2 (5119) Córdoba, Argentina
“Peste negra” is a disease, caused by tospoviruses, that affects tomato crops in Argentina. Knowledge of the diversity, frequency, and distribution of different tospoviruses is essential for developing a rational control program based on genetic resistance sources. A study of the geographical distribution of tospoviruses affecting tomato crops in Argentina is presented in this paper. The areas surveyed were between the Tropic of Capricorn and 40°S and between longitude 58°W and 70°W. Tospovirus species were identified through double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA), using polyclonal antisera against Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), Groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV), and Tomato chlorotic spot virus (TCSV). From tomato samples that reacted positively with any of the used antisera, 63% were GRSV, 28.2% were TCSV, and 8.8% were TSWV. A differential geographical distribution of tospoviruses was determined. Every plant that tested positive for GRSV was from central and northwest Argentina, while every plant TCSV-positive was from the northeast. TSWV was found only in the Río Negro Valley region in the south of the country. The wide dispersion of GRSV may be related to the spread of Frankliniella shultzei, which transmits this virus more efficiently than other vectors.