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Morphological and Pathological Characterization of Species of Elsinoe Causing Scab Diseases of Citrus. L. W. Timmer, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred 33850; M. Priest(2), P. Broadbent(3), and M.-K. Tan(4). (2)(3)(4)New South Wales Agriculture, Biological and Chemical Research Institute, Rydalmere 2116 NSW, Australia. Phytopathology 86:1032-1038. Accepted for publication 8 July 1996. Copyright 1996 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/Phyto-86-1032.

Three scab diseases have been described on citrus: (i) citrus scab caused by Elsinoe fawcettii, which is cosmopolitan in humid citrus-growing areas; (ii) Tryon’s scab caused by Sphaceloma fawcettii var. scabiosa, which occurs in Australia and elsewhere; and (iii) sweet orange scab caused by E. australis, which occurs primarily in southern South America. In this study, we compared isolates from Australia, Argentina, and Florida (United States). Neither colony color nor conidial size or shape could be used to distinguish the three scab fungi on citrus. A detached-leaf assay was developed to compare pathogenicity of isolates on rough lemon, sour orange, and grapefruit. All isolates from Australia produced scab only on rough lemon, whereas all isolates from Florida produced scab on rough lemon and grapefruit and a portion of these also produced scab on sour orange. E. australis isolates from Argentina did not affect leaves of any species. One E. fawcettii isolate from Argentina produced the same reaction as Australian isolates, and two produced the same reaction as the Florida group that affected rough lemon, grapefruit, and sour orange. In greenhouse inoculations, all Australian isolates infected rough lemon, lemon, and Rangpur lime; all but a few also infected Cleopatra mandarin. In greenhouse inoculations in Florida, all isolates infected rough lemon and Cleopatra mandarin and some isolates infected sour orange. Although E. australis is not readily differentiated from E. fawcettii morphologically, we concluded that they are separate species on the basis of pathogenicity and molecular analysis. S. fawcettii var. scabiosa could be differentiated from E. fawcettii only by host range. We recognized four pathotypes of E. fawcettii: the “Broad Host Range” and “Narrow Host Range” pathotypes originally described in Florida, the “Tryon’s” pathotype (formerly S. fawcettii var. scabiosa), and a new “Lemon” pathotype from northern Australia.