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Genotypic Diversity of Phytophthora infestans in The Netherlands Revealed by DNA Polymorphisms. A. Drenth, Department of Phytopathology, Wageningen Agricultural University, P.O. Box 8025, 6700 EE Wageningen, The Netherlands, and Research Institute for Plant Protection, Binnenhaven 12, 6709 PD Wageningen; S. B. Goodwin(2), W. E. Fry(3), and L. C. Davidse(4). (2)(3)Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853; (4)Biotech Center Royal Sluis, P.O. Box 22, 1600 AA Enkhuizen, The Netherlands. Phytopathology 83:1087-1092. Accepted for publication 29 June 1993. Copyright 1993 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/Phyto-83-1087.

We used DNA fingerprinting to estimate genotypic diversity among 153 isolates of Phytophthora infestans collected from potato and tomato plants in 14 fields distributed over six regions in The Netherlands. The DNA fingerprint probe, RG57, hybridized to 21 fragments of genomic DNA, 16 of which were polymorphic. Thirty-five RG57 genotypes were identified among the 153 isolates. Half of the isolates had the most widely distributed genotype, which was found in 10 fields in five of the six regions sampled. However, 89% of the genotypes were detected in only one field, and 60% occurred only once. Two mitochondrial DNA types, designated A and B, were found. Type A occurred in 143 isolates and was found in all fields in every region. Type B, in contrast, was found in only 10 isolates, all collected in community gardens. Partitioning of the genotypic diversity into components with the Shannon diversity index revealed that 52% of the diversity was associated with differences occurring within fields, 8% was due to differences among fields within regions, and 40% was accounted for by differences among regions. Genotypic differentiation was observed between isolates collected in community gardens and in commercial potato fields. Canonical variate analysis grouped isolates from commercial potato fields together, regardless of the geographic distance between the fields. Isolates from community gardens differed among regions and differed from the isolates collected in commercial potato fields.

Additional keywords: Oomycetes, population genetics, potato late blight, restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP).