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Purification and Properties of Closteroviruslike Particles Associated with Grapevine Corky Bark Disease. S. Namba, Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, 14456; D. Boscia(2), O. Azzam(3), M. Maixner(4), J. S. Hu(5), D. Golino(6), and D. Gonsalves(7). (2)Centro di Studio sui Viruse le Virosi delle Colture Mediterranee, C. N. R., 70100 Bari, Italy; (3)(4)(5)(7)Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, 14456; (6)USDA-ARS, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis 95616. Phytopathology 81:964-970. Accepted for publication 19 March 1991. Copyright 1991 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/Phyto-81-964.

Closteroviruslike particles, designated as grapevine corky bark-associated virus (GCBaV), were purified from mature leaves and stem phloem tissue of a corky bark-affected grapevine that had indexed negative for other grapevine viruses. Electron microscopy of purified preparations revealed the presence of flexuous rod-shaped viruslike particles that were about 13 nm in diameter and between 1,400 and 2,000 nm long, with a helical pitch of 3.4 nm. In purified preparations, the GCBaV particles degraded within a few weeks, unlike grapevine leafroll associated virus (GLRaV), which was stable for more than 1 mo under the same storage condition. The molecular weight of the coat protein of GCBaV was 24,000. A large dsRNA molecule (about 15.3 kbp), along with lower molecular weight species, was detected in tissues of corky bark-diseased grapevines, but not in healthy grapevines. Polyclonal antisera were produced in rabbits against purified or partially purified virus preparations. In direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), antisera to GCBaV did not react to the serologically distinct types (II and III) of the long closteroviruses associated with grapevine leafroll disease and grapevine virus A (GVA), and vice versa. This antiserum also reacted in ELISA with other corky bark-affected grapevines. Our data suggest that closteroviruslike particles, designated as GCBaV, may be the causal agent of corky bark disease. However, definitive proof is still lacking. The inclusion of GCBaV in the group of closteroviruses with citrus tristeza virus is proposed.