Previous View
 
APSnet Home
 
Phytopathology Home


VIEW ARTICLE

Ecology and Epidemiology

Population Dynamics and Diversity of Pseudomonas syringae on Maple and Pear Trees and Associated Grasses. Dean K. Malvick, Former graduate research assistant, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97331-2902; Larry W. Moore, Associate professor, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97331-2902. Phytopathology 78:1366-1370. Accepted for publication 1 June 1988. Copyright 1988 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/Phyto-78-1366.

The number of epiphytic Pseudomonas syringae isolated from maple twigs and leaves between July 1985 and September 1986 was erratic (undetectable to 105 cfu/g), whereas the number isolated from pear was more stable and often higher (103 to 106 cfu/g). P. syringae was isolated consistently (about 104107 cfu/g) from perennial rye, orchard, red fescue, annual rye, and brome grasses growing among trees in the maple nursery and from perennial rye grass in the pear orchard. In greenhouse pathogenicity tests, 87% of the P. syringae isolates from maple trees was pathogenic in maple seedlings, whereas 15% of the isolates from pear trees was pathogenic in young pear trees. Of the isolates tested from grasses, 55% from the maple nursery was pathogenic in maple seedlings, and 29% from grass in the pear orchard was pathogenic in young pear trees. These data indicate that grasses and trees support reservoirs of inoculum of pathogenic P. syringae. Indigenous isolates from a maple nursery were variable relative to pathogenicity and DNA restriction-fragment analysis, indicating that epiphytic populations of P. syringae from the grasses and trees were heterogenous.

Additional keywords: epiphytic bacteria, inoculum sources, restriction endonuclease fingerprinting.