Disease Control and Pest Management
Incidence of Aphid-Transmitted Virus Infections Reduced by Whitewash Sprays on Plants. S. Marco, Department of Virology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel; Phytopathology 76:1344-1348. Accepted for publication 16 May 1986. Copyright 1986 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/Phyto-76-1344.
Weekly sprays of potato crops with 15% whitewashes of Loven and Yalbin reduced potato leaf roll virus (PLRV) incidence in tubers from 0-61% of the level in the untreated plots in seven independent experiments. Similar sprays with 2% Virol oil, did not reduce PLRV in three experiments. Loven and Yalbin sprays reduced potato virus Y (PVY) incidence in potato to 0-68% of the level in controls, which is roughly comparable to the reduction obtained with Virol oil (0-52%). Whitewash sprays were less efficient for PLRV and PVY control than coarse, white net covers. Weekly sprays with whitewash reduced total tuber yield by about 30%, about the same yield decrease caused by oil treatment in our conditions. However, the number and weight of tubers between 30 and 120 g (seed size) in whitewash-treated plots was not affected. Two effects could explain the activity of whitewash. The whitewashes increased leaf reflectivity in the visible spectrum by 130-250%, whereas oil treatment caused no change. This change in reflectivity agrees with the reduced number (30-50%) of aphids landing in whitewash-treated plots, whereas no reduction in aphid landing occurred in Virol treatments. However, different aphid species responded differently; for example Aphis gossypii was attracted to whitewash-treated plots. In our experiments, whitewash and oil treatments did not affect PLRV acquisition by aphids. Loven and Yalbin plus a sticking agent Dabak reduced PLRV inoculation by aphids, although Virol plus Dabak and Dabak itself had no effect compared with untreated plots.
Additional keywords: pepper.