Previous View
APSnet Home
Phytopathology Home


Ecology and Epidemiology

Factors Affecting Myceliogenic Germination of Sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. H. C. Huang, Plant pathologist, Agriculture Canada Research Station, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada T1J 4B1; Phytopathology 75:433-437. Accepted for publication 15 November 1984. This article is in the public domain and not copyrightable. It may be freely reprinted with customary crediting of the source. The American Phytopathological Society, 1985. DOI: 10.1094/Phyto-75-433.

Sclerotia of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum collected from different fields varied in ability to undergo myceliogenic germination without addition of exogenous nutrients. Of three samples tested from sunflower, mungbean and safflower, the frequency of germinated sclerotia was 8, 79, and 98%, respectively. These differences were not due to the existence of distinct strains because germination of daughter sclerotia produced on potato-dextrose agar was similar. Light-colored sclerotia, resulting from incomplete melanization of the rind, were found in 14 of the 15 samples collected from five hosts in western Canada and comprised from 0.5 to 85% of the sclerotia in each sample. Germination occurred readily in intact light-colored sclerotia incubated on autoclaved moist sand, but it occurred in black sclerotia only when the rind was injured. The incompletely melanized, light-colored sclerotia were more frequently contaminated with microorganisms than were the completely blackened ones. It is concluded that myceliogenic germination of sclerotia is affected by the extent of melanization of the rind and that the black, melanized rind prevents germination in the absence of exogenous nutrients and also protects sclerotia from invasion by microorganisms.

Additional keywords: Sclerotinia minor.