Previous View
APSnet Home
Phytopathology Home


Vector Relations

Coated-Vesicle Transport of Luteoviruses Through Salivary Glands of Myzus persicae. F. E. Gildow, Assistant professor, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Berkeley 94720; Phytopathology 72:1289-1296. Accepted for publication 8 April 1982. Copyright 1982 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/Phyto-72-1289.

Beet western yellows virus (BWYV) or potato leaf roll virus (PLRV) was visualized by electron microscopy in basal lamina and plasmalemma invaginations of accessory salivary glands in each of 61 aphids that had fed on infected plants, but never in any of 15 control aphids reared on healthy plants. Virions were identified as BWYV or PLRV by indirect labelling with ferritin-antibody. Virus particles were frequently observed in tubular vesicles and coated vesicles in cytoplasm near salivary canals, and in coated pits connected to the canal membrane. Following injection of anti-PLRV antibody into the aphid hemocoel, PLRV particles accumulated in the accessory gland basal lamina and aggregated in the salivary duct. These results help identify the route of luteoviruses through the accessory salivary gland to the salivary duct. A cellular mechanism, involving coated-vesicle transport of virions from tubular vesicles to the salivary canal, is suggested as a model for transport of luteovirus through accessory gland cytoplasm. The relation of vector-specific transmission of luteoviruses to this model is discussed.