Previous View
APSnet Home
Phytopathology Home



Detection of Maize Chlorotic Mottle Virus Serotypes by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. J. K. Uyemoto, Department of Plant Pathology, Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station, Manhattan 66506; Phytopathology 70:290-292. Accepted for publication 18 September 1979. Copyright 1980 The American Phytopathological Society. DOI: 10.1094/Phyto-70-290.

Two strains of maize chlorotic mottle virus, Kansas (MCMV-K) and Peru (MCMV-P), were compared in double immunodiffusion (DID) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) systems against respective antisera (ie, MCMV-K AS and MCMV-P AS) and antiserum prepared to a mixture of both strains (MCMV-K + P AS). In DID, all antisera showed antibody titers of 1/2,048 against both viruses. Homologous reactants spurred over the precipitin line formed against heterologous virus and MCMV-K + P AS against MCMV strains K and P produced bilateral spurs. In ELISA, antisera MCMV-K and -P, but not MCMV-K + P, differ-entiated homologous from heterologous virus strains. Differences in absorbance values at 405 nm were two to four times higher for homologous than for heterologous reactants, but MCMV-K + P AS produced similar substrate intensity for each virus. Also, results approximating those of MCMV-K + P AS were achieved with an equal mixture of MCMV-K AS and MCMV-P AS (MCMV-mixed AS). The relative sensitivities of DID and ELISA for detecting MCMV were 100 and 0.1 μg/ml, respectively.