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Phylogeny of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lactucae Inferred from Mitochondrial Small Subunit, Elongation Factor 1-α, and Nuclear Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Sequence Data

January 2007 , Volume 97 , Number  1
Pages  87 - 98

Gladys Y. Mbofung , Soon Gyu Hong , and Barry M. Pryor

First, second, and third authors: Division of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Department of Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721; and second author: Polar Biocenter, Korea Polar Research Institute, KORDI, Songdo Technopark, Songdo-dong 7-50, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon, 406-840, Korea

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Accepted for publication 7 August 2006.

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lactucae, causal agent of Fusarium wilt of lettuce, is a serious pathogen recently reported in Arizona. Sequence analysis of the mitochondrial small subunit (mtSSU), translation elongation factor 1-α (EF-1α) gene, and the nuclear ribosomal DNA intergenic spacer (IGS) region was conducted to resolve relationships among f. sp. lactucae isolates, F. oxysporum isolates from other hosts, and local non-pathogenic isolates. Analysis of mtSSU sequences provided limited phylogenetic resolution and did not differentiate the lactucae isolates from 13 other F. oxysporum isolates. Analysis of EF-1α sequences resulted in moderate resolution, grouping seven formae speciales with the lactucae isolates. Analysis of the IGS region revealed numerous sequence polymorphisms among F. oxysporum formae speciales consisting of insertions, deletions, and single nucleotide transitions and substitutions. Repeat sequence analysis revealed several duplicated subrepeat units that were distributed across much of the region. Based on analysis of the IGS sequence data, lactucae race 1 isolates resolved as a monophyletic group with three other formae speciales of F. oxysporum. In all analyses, lactucae race 2 isolates composed a separate lineage that was phylo-genetically distinct and distantly related to the lactucae race 1 isolates.

© 2007 The American Phytopathological Society