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Molecular Marker Analysis of Soybean Plant Introductions with Resistance to Phytophthora sojae

January 2007 , Volume 97 , Number  1
Pages  113 - 118

S. G. Gordon , K. Kowitwanich , W. Pipatpongpinyo , S. K. St. Martin , and A. E. Dorrance

First, second, third and fifth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH 44691; and fourth author: Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210

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Accepted for publication 11 August 2006.

Molecular analysis of sources of resistance to plant pathogens should expedite and confirm novel gene discovery and consequently the development of disease resistant cultivars. Recently, soybean plant introductions (PIs) were identified that contain putative novel Rps genes for resistance to Phytophthora sojae. The number of resistance genes that confer resistance to P. sojae isolates OH17 (1b,1d,2,3a,3b,3c,4,5,6,7) and OH25 (1a,1b,1c,1k,7) was then determined in several of the PIs. The objective of this study was to determine if the Rps genes present in these PIs were associated with eight described Rps loci that have been mapped on soybean molecular linkage groups F, G, J, and N. Nine F2:3 soybean populations were genotyped with simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers linked to previously mapped Rps loci. The nine PI populations all had SSR markers associated (P < 0.01) with resistance to P. sojae isolate OH17 in the Rps1 region. Rps1c is a likely candidate in eight PIs but novel genes may also be possible, while novel genes may confer resistance in one PI to P. sojae isolate OHI7. Two or more Rps genes, including some that are potentially novel, confer resistance to P. sojae isolate OH25 in eight of the populations. However, based on the response to these two isolates, virulence already exists for at least some of the novel genes identified in this study.

Additional keywords: Glycine max, host resistance.

© 2007 The American Phytopathological Society