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Genetic Diversity in Australian Populations of Puccinia graminis f. sp. avenae

January 2006 , Volume 96 , Number  1
Pages  96 - 104

F. J. Keiper , M. S. Haque , M. J. Hayden , and R. F. Park

First author: South Australian Research and Development Institute, GPO Box 397, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia; first and third authors: Molecular Plant Breeding Cooperative Research Centre, Suite 21, 2 Park Drive, Bundoora, VIC 3083, Australia; second and fourth authors: University of Sydney, Plant Breeding Institute Cobbitty, PMB 11, Camden, NSW 2570, Australia; and third author: University of Adelaide, Plant Genomics Centre, Hartley Grove, Urrbrae, SA 5064, Australia

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Accepted for publication 1 September 2005.

Sequence-tagged microsatellite profiling was used to develop 110 microsatellites for Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (causal agent of wheat stem rust). Low microsatellite polymorphism was exhibited among 10 pathogenically diverse P. graminis f. sp. tritici isolates collected from Australian cereal growing regions over a period of at least 70 years, with two polymorphic loci detected, each revealing two alleles. Limited cross-species amplification was observed for the wheat rust pathogens, P. triticina (leaf rust) and P. striiformis f. sp. tritici (stripe rust). However, very high transferability was revealed with P. graminis f. sp. avenae (causal agent of oat stem rust) isolates. A genetic diversity study of 47 P. graminis f. sp. avenae isolates collected from an Australia-wide survey in 1999, and a historical group of 16 isolates collected from Australian cereal growing regions from 1971 to 1996, revealed six polymorphic microsatellite loci with a total of 15 alleles. Genetic analysis revealed the presence of several clonal lineages and subpopulations in the pathogen population, and wide dispersal of identical races and genotypes throughout Australian cereal-growing regions. These findings demonstrated the dynamic population structure of this pathogen in Australia and concur with the patterns of diversity observed in pathogenicity studies.

© 2006 The American Phytopathological Society