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Effect of the Host and Temperature on the Formation of Defective RNAs Associated with Broad bean mottle virus Infection

January 2004 , Volume 94 , Number  1
Pages  69 - 75

Susana Llamas , Claudio Sandoval , Mar Babin , Judy Pogany , Jozef J. Bujarski , and Javier Romero

First, second, third, and sixth authors: Departamento de Protección Vegetal, INIA, Autopista A-6, Km. 7.0 28040- Madrid, Spain; fourth and fifth authors: Plant Molecular Biology Center, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb 60115; and fifth author: Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland

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Accepted for publication 18 August 2003.

Previously, we demonstrated that Broad bean mottle virus (BBMV), a member of the genus Bromovirus, could accumulate RNA 2-derived defective interfering (DI) RNAs during infection. In this work, we study how host and environmental factors affect the accumulation of DI RNAs. Serial passages of BBMV through selected plant species reveal that, with low-multiplicity inocula, some systemic hosts (Vicia faba, Nicotiana clevelandii, and N. tabacum cv. Samsum) support DI RNA accumulation after the first passage cycle but other hosts (Phaseolus vulgaris, Pisum sativum, and Glycine max) do not. However, several passages with the high-multiplicity inocula can generate DI RNAs in pea plants. Local lesion hosts (Chenopodium quinoa, C. amaranticolor, and C. murale) remain free of the DI RNA components. The size of the de novo-formed DI RNAs depends on the host and on environmental conditions. For instance, broad bean plants cultivated in a greenhouse or in a growth chamber at 20°C accumulated DI RNAs of 2.4 or 1.9 kb in size, respectively. A reverse trend was observed in pea plants. Lower temperatures greatly facilitated the formation of DI RNAs in broad bean and pea hosts after the first passage. The importance of these findings for the studies on DI RNAs are discussed.

Additional keywords: bromoviruses, host effects, temperature conditions.

© 2004 The American Phytopathological Society