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Genetic Control and Host Range of Avirulence Toward Brassica napus Cultivars Quinta and Jet Neuf in Leptosphaeria maculans

January 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  1
Pages  70 - 76

M. H. Balesdent , A. Attard , D. Ansan-Melayah , R. Delourme , M. Renard , and T. Rouxel

First, second, and sixth authors: Pathologie Végétale, INRA, Route de Saint Cyr, F-78026 Versailles Cedex, France; third author: Service Biotechnologies, Aventis CropScience, Centre de Recherche de la Dargoire, 14-20, rue Pierre Baizet, F-69263 Lyon Cedex 09, France; and fourth and fifth authors: Amélioration des Plantes, INRA, Domaine de la Motte, BP 29, F-35653 Le Rheu Cedex, France

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Accepted for publication 18 September 2000.

Leptosphaeria maculans causes blackleg of oilseed rape. Gene-for-gene interactions between race PG3 and Brassica napus cv. Quinta were related to interaction between the fungal avirulence (Avr) gene AvrLm1 and the corresponding resistance gene Rlm1. AvrLm1 isolates were aviru-lent on cvs. Doublol, Vivol, Columbus, and Capitol, and no recombinant phenotypes were observed in the progeny of two AvrLm1 × avrLm1 crosses, suggesting that all of these cultivars may possess Rlm1 or genes displaying the same recognition spectrum, or that a cluster of Avr genes is present at the Avrlm1 locus. In one cross, segregation distortion was observed at the AvrLm1 locus that could be explained by interaction between AvrLm1 and one unlinked deleterious gene, termed Del1. Incompatibility toward cvs. Jet Neuf and was governed by a single gene, unlinked to AvrLm1 or Del1. This avirulence gene was termed AvrLm4. Preliminary plant genetic analysis suggested the occurrence of a corresponding dominant resistance gene, termed Rlm4, present in the Quinta line analyzed and linked to Rlm1.

Additional keywords: Phoma lingam.

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society