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Genetic Diversity of phlD from 2,4-Diacetylphloroglucinol-Producing Fluorescent Pseudomonas spp.

January 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  1
Pages  35 - 43

Olga V. Mavrodi , Brian B. McSpadden Gardener , Dmitri V. Mavrodi , Robert F. Bonsall , David M. Weller , and Linda S. Thomashow

First, third, and fourth authors: Department of Plant Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman 99164; and second, fifth, and sixth authors: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Root Disease and Biological Control Research Unit, Washington State University, Pullman 99164

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Accepted for publication 5 October 2000.

Fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. that produce 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (2,4-DAPG) have biocontrol activity against damping-off, root rot, and wilt diseases caused by soilborne fungal pathogens, and play a key role in the natural suppression of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici, known as take-all decline. Diversity within phlD, an essential gene in the biosynthesis of 2,4-DAPG, was studied by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of 123 2,4-DAPG-producing isolates from six states in the United States and six other locations worldwide. Clusters defined by RFLP analysis of phlD correlated closely with clusters defined previously by BOX-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) genomic fingerprinting, indicating the usefulness of phlD as a marker of genetic diversity and population structure among 2,4-DAPG producers. Genotypes defined by RFLP analysis of phlD were conserved among isolates from the same site and cropping history. Random amplified polymorphic DNA analyses of genomic DNA revealed a higher degree of polymorphism than RFLP and BOX-PCR analyses. Genotypic diversity in a subset of 30 strains representing all the phlD RFLP groups did not correlate with production in vitro of monoacetylphloroglucinol, 2,4-DAPG, or total phloroglucinol compounds. Twenty-seven of the 30 representative strains lacked pyrrolnitrin and pyoluteorin biosynthetic genes as determined by the use of specific primers and probes.

The American Phytopathological Society, 2001