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Physiological Aspects Related to Tolerance of Spring Wheat Cultivars to Septoria tritici Blotch

January 1997 , Volume 87 , Number  1
Pages  60 - 65

E. Zuckerman , A. Eshel , and Z. Eyal

Department of Plant Sciences, The George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel

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Accepted for publication 20 September 1996.

The susceptible wheat cultivar Miriam exhibited tolerance under severe infection of Septoria tritici blotch (STB). Nethouse and greenhouse trials confirmed former field results in which losses in grain weight of ‘Miriam’ wheat due to STB infection were significantly lower than those of the susceptible cultivar Barkai, under equivalent severity and the same disease progress curve. Several physiological mechanisms that may explain this tolerance of ‘Miriam’ wheat were studied. A comparison between protected and infected plants proved that carbohydrate reserves in the culms and other vegetative plant parts did not account for the lower losses in grain weight of ‘Miriam’. Each tiller was shown to be independent in its supply of carbohydrates to its grains, and no import from secondary tillers was observed. Differences in the ratio between grain weight and vegetative biomass could not explain the sustained grain filling of infected plants of ‘Miriam’. The daily balance of CO2 exchange of the ears was negative, since carbon fixation by the spike in the light was more than counterbalanced by night time spike respiration. Radioisotope studies revealed that mature, infected ‘Miriam’ plants maintained as large a percentage of the carbohydrates fixed at the vegetative stage and early grain filling as healthy plants. On the other hand, under the same conditions, infected ‘Barkai’ plants lost a larger fraction of these carbohydrates. The rate of carbon fixation per unit of chlorophyll and per residual green leaf area of infected ‘Miriam’ was higher than in healthy plants. It is proposed that this enhancement of photosynthesis in residual green tissue of infected plants of the tolerant cultivar Miriam compensates for the loss of photosynthesizing tissue due to STB.

Additional keywords: Mycosphaerella graminicola, Triticum aestivum.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society