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VIEW ARTICLE   |    DOI: 10.1094/MPMI-7-0516


Expression and Localization of Two in Planta Induced Extracellular Proteins of the Fungal Tomato Pathogen Cladosporium fulvum. Jos P. Wubben. Department of Phytopathology, Agricultural University, P.O. Box 8025, 6700 EE Wageningen, The Netherlands. Matthieu H. A. J. Joosten, and Pierre J. G. M. De Wit. Department of Phytopathology, Agricultural University, P.O. Box 8025, 6700 EE Wageningen, The Netherlands. MPMI 7:516-524. Accepted 6 May 1994. Copyright 1994 The American Phytopathological Society.


Expression of two in planta induced genes of the bio-trophic fungal tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum and accumulation of their products, extracellular proteins (ECPs), were studied in time and space during pathogenesis. Immunogold localization revealed that proteins ECP1 and ECP2 accumulated abundantly in extracellular material in the vicinity of fungal and host cell walls. Expression of the genes encoding ECP1 and ECP2 was studied in transformants carrying the reporter gene Gus fused to promoter sequences of the ecp genes. In germinated conidia on the leaf surface no expression of gene ecpl and only low expression of gene ecpl could be detected. Expression of both ecpl and ecpl was strongly induced during colonization of the intercellular space between tomato mesophyll cells. The highest expression was observed in hyphae growing near vascular tissue. Expression levels were low in newly formed conidia on leaves. Possible functions of ECP1 and ECP2 for C. fulvum during pathogenesis are discussed.

Additional Keywords: -glucuronidase, immunogold labeling, pathogenicity.