VIEW ARTICLE | DOI: 10.1094/MPMI-6-755
Interstrain Pseudorecombinants of Cowpea Chlorotic Mottle Virus: Effects on Systemic Spread and Symptom Formation in Soybean and Cowpea. H. Shang. Plant Molecular Biology Center and the Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, IL 60115 U.S.A. J. J. Bujarski. Plant Molecular Biology Center and the Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, IL 60115 U.S.A. MPMI 6:755-763. Accepted 30 August 1993. Copyright 1993 The American Phytopathological Society.
Full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) copies of genomic RNA1, RNA2, and RNA3 segments of cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV) strains D, N, and S were synthesized using polymerase chain reaction and were cloned downstream of a T7 RNA polymerase promoter. Mixtures of the homologous in vitro-transcribed RNAs produced typical CCMV symptoms when inoculated on soybean (cv. Bragg) and cowpea (cv. California Blackeye) plants. Using either gel-purified or in vitro-transcribed CCMV RNA components, the pseudorecombinants SSD, SSN, DDS, and NNS were constructed. The properties of these pseudorecombinants were tested by comparing the induced symptoms, virus concentration, and systemic spread. These studies revealed a direct involvement of RNA3 genetic information in necrotic lesion formation and in breakage of CCMV resistance in soybean. Exchanges between RNA1 or RNA2 components further affected the biological features of reassorted CCMV variants. The true nature of the pseudorecombinants was confirmed by reconstitution of the parental strains from the corresponding pseudorecombinant RNA components.