VIEW ARTICLE | DOI: 10.1094/MPMI-6-655
Pathological and Molecular Characterizations of Alfalfa Interactions with Compatible and Incompatible Bacteria, Xanthomonas campestris pv. alfalfae and Pseudomonas syringae pv. pisi. Robert Esnault. Institut des Sciences Végétales, C.N.R.S., 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France. Dominique Buffard, Colette Breda, Christophe Sallaud, Joumana El Turk, and Adam Kondorosi. Institut des Sciences Végétales, C.N.R.S., 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France.. MPMI 6:655-664. Accepted 30 June 1993. Copyright 1993 The American Phytopathological Society.
Additional Keywords: chalcone isomerase gene expression; chalcone synthase gene expression; isoflavone reductase gene expression; incompatible/compatible interactions; Medicago sativa; pathogenesis-related protein gene expression; phytopathological reactions.
We report on the interactions of alfalfa with Xanthomonas campestris pv. alfalfae and Pseudomonas syringae pv. pisi. A hypersensitive response was observed when leaves were infiltrated with P. s. pv. pisi, which remained strictly limited to the injected zone. The compatible interaction with X. c. pv. alfalfae was characterized by water-soaking symptoms and the spreading of the bacterium into the leaf blade. Analyses of transcript accumulation were conducted with cDNAs encoding enzymes involved in phytoalexin synthesis: chalcone synthase (CHS), chalcone isomerase (CHI), and isoflavone reductase (IFR). In incompatible interactions the maximum accumulation of the CHS, CHI, and IFR transcripts was observed 6 hr postinfection. In the compatible interaction, the induction of these transcripts was delayed until 25–30 hr postinfection, and the level of their accumulation was considerably lower. Extending this molecular analysis to the root system showed that the reaction of roots during an incompatible interaction was quite comparable to that of leaves. To complete these analyses, expression of genes encoding pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins in leaves was also analyzed by polymerase chain reaction. Highlevel accumulation of a 0.8-kb transcript encoding a PR protein was observed 6 to 30 hr postinfection in the incompatible interaction.