VIEW ARTICLE | DOI: 10.1094/MPMI-6-565
Population Structure of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici: Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms Provide Genetic Evidence That Vegetative Compatibility Group Is an Indicator of Evolutionary Origin. Karol S. Elias. Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel. D. Zamir(2), Tzili Lichtman-Pleban(2), and Talma Katan(1). (1)Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, and (2)Department of Field and Vegetable Crops and Otto Warburg Center for Biotechnology in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel.. MPMI 6:565-572. Accepted 21 May 1993. Copyright 1993 The American Phytopathological Society.
Additional Keywords: genetic diversity, Lycopersicon esculentum, population genetics.
A worldwide collection of 47 isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici, of two physiological races, and eight isolates of other formae speciales of F. oxysporum were subjected to DNA restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. Fifty genomic clones from a library produced from an isolate of F. o. f. sp. lycopersici (FRC 0-1078, race 2) were used individually as probes in Southern hybridizations with DNA of the 55 isolates digested with four restriction enzymes. From the hybridization pattern observed after a high-stringency wash, it was estimated that the genome of F. o. f. sp. lycopersici is composed of 68, 12, and 20% single-copy, multiple-copy, and repetitive DNAs, respectively. Two clones were identified that were specific to vegetative compatibility group (VCG) 0030, the major VCG of F. o. f. sp. lycopersici, and another two clones differentiated F. o. f. sp. lycopersici from the other formae speciales. RFLP patterns were recorded as phenotypes, and a dendrogram was constructed based on cluster analysis of similarity coefficients using the unweighted pair–group method with arithmetic average. A principal components analysis revealed the relatedness of each isolate. Results indicate that isolates within each VCG are clonal derivatives of a common ancestor, and that races arose independently within each VCG. In addition, there is evidence to suggest that mutations have occurred in vegetative incompatibility loci, resulting in many single-member VCG isolates (VCG 003–) that cluster with VCGs. RFLP analysis of total genomic DNA reveals that the VCG can be a reliable indicator of evolutionary origin and population structure of F. oxysporum.