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VIEW ARTICLE   |    DOI: 10.1094/MPMI-6-164

Increased Expression of the Calmodulin Gene of the Late Blight Fungus Phytophthora infestans During Pathogenesis on Potato. Corné M. J. Pieterse. Department of Phytopathology, Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Henk M. Verbakel, Johan Hoek Spaans, Leen C. Davidse, and Francine Govers. Department of Phytopathology, Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.. MPMI 6:164-172. Accepted 14 December 1992. This article is in the public domain and not copyrightable. It may be freely reprinted with customary crediting of the source. The American Phytopathological Society, 1993.

In order to isolate in planta-induced genes encoding putative pathogenicity factors of the late blight fungus Phytophthora infestans, a genomic library was differentially screened. For the differential hybridization, labeled first-strand cDNA synthesized on mRNA isolated from P. infestans-infected potato leaves and on mRNA isolated from the fungus grown in vitro were used as probes. This screening resulted in the isolation of the P. infestans calmodulin gene. The gene, designated calA, contains an open reading frame of 447 base pairs without introns and is unique in the P. infestans genome. The predicted amino acid sequence is 89.9-94.6% identical to calmodulins from higher eukaryotes, whereas the identity to calmodulins of higher fungi is significantly less (60.8-85.1%). Expression studies revealed that the P. infestans calA gene is constitutively expressed in in vitro grown mycelium. However, during pathogenesis on potato the level of P. infestans calmodulin mRNA is increased approximately fivefold.

Additional Keywords: calcium-binding protein, differential screening, Oomycetes, pathogenicity, potato late blight.