VIEW ARTICLE | DOI: 10.1094/MPMI-5-129
Isolation and Characterization of Rhizobium (IC3342) Genes that Determine Leaf Curl Induction in Pigeon Pea. N. M. Upadhyaya. Plant Molecular Biology Group, Research School of Biological Sciences, The Australian National University, A.C.T. 2601, Australia. K. F. Scott, W. T. Tucker, J. M. Watson, and P. J. Dart. Plant Molecular Biology Group, Research School of Biological Sciences, The Australian National University, A.C.T. 2601, Australia.. MPMI 5:129-143. Accepted 12 November 1991. Copyright 1992 The American Phytopathological Society.
Additional Keywords: cytokinin, radioimmunoassay, siratro, Tn5 mutagenesis.
Nodulation by the Rhizobium strain IC3342 causes a leaf curl syndrome in certain tropical legumes such as pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) (N. M. Upadhyaya, J. V. D. K. Kumar Rao, D. S. Letham, and P. J. Dart, Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 39:357-373, 1991). Transposon (Tn5) mutagenesis of this leaf curl-inducing (Curl+) Rhizobium strain yielded two Curl‾ Fix‾ and three Curl‾ Fix+ mutants. Plasmid visualization and subsequent Southern blot hybridization analyses with Tn5, nif and nod gene probes showed that the Tn5 element had inserted into the symbiotic (Sym) plasmid in three of the mutants. Restriction endonuclease analyses indicated that none of the Tn5 insertions were closely linked. Tn5-containing EcoRI fragments were cloned from each mutant and used as probes to isolate the corresponding wild-type DNA fragments from a cosmid (pLAFR3) genomic library. Fix+ and/or Curl+ phenotypes were restored in each mutant by the introduction of cosmids containing the corresponding wild-type DNA. A closely related but Curl‾ Rhizobium strain ANU240 was shown, by Southern hybridization, to contain conserved DNA sequences of all but one of the identified genetic regions of the Curl+ Rhizobium strain IC3342. Cosmids containing the genetic region unique to the strain IC3342, designated lcr1, conferred a Curl+ phenotype on the strain ANU240. DNA sequence analysis of the cloned lcr1 region revealed five open reading frames (ORFs). The ORF2 showed homology with the Escherichia coli regulatory gene ompR, and ORF4 showed homology with E. coli and Rhizobium meliloti regulatory genes fnr and fixK, respectively.