VIEW ARTICLE | DOI: 10.1094/MPMI-4-190
Limited Host Range Ti Plasmids: Recent Origin from Wide Host Range Ti Plasmids and Involvement of a Novel IS Element, IS868. François Paulus. Department of Phytopathology, Plant Molecular Biology Institute, Strasbourg 67084, France. Jean Canaday, and Léon Otten. Department of Phytopathology, Plant Molecular Biology Institute, Strasbourg 67084, France.. MPMI 4:190-197. Accepted 27 December 1990. This article is in the public domain and not copyrightable. It may be freely reprinted with customary crediting of the source. The American Phytopathological Society, 1991.
Additional Keywords: plant tumorigenicity, bacterial insertion sequences.
Agrobacterium tumefaciens biotype III octopine strains have been isolated from grapevine tumors worldwide. They comprise limited and wide host range (LHR and WHR) strains that carry related tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmids with two T-regions, TA and TB. The WHR TA-region resembles the biotype I octopine region, whereas the LHR TA-region is a recent deletion derivative of the WHR TA-region, which lacks the iaa genes and part of the ipt gene. Sequencing of the TA-region of the ubiquitous LHR strain AB3 showed that the deleted region is replaced by an insertion sequence (IS) element, IS868, which resembles the IS51 element of Pseudomonas syringae subsp. savastanoi. The Ti plasmid of LHR strain Ag57 carries essentially the same iaa gene deletion as pTiAB3, but lacks IS868. We propose that the LHR Ti plasmids arose by the recent insertion of an IS868 element into the TA-region of a WHR-type Ti plasmid, followed by transposition to a nearby site. The deletion was caused during the second transposition or by later recombination between the two IS868 copies. Biotype III octopine strains also carry an IS51-like sequence close to the TB iaa genes. Our results confirm and extend earlier observations indicating that IS51-like elements in Pseudomonas and Agrobacterium are associated with iaa genes and played a major role in Ti plasmid evolution.