VIEW ARTICLE | DOI: 10.1094/MPMI-3-247
Transgenic Tobacco Plants Expressing a Coat Protein Gene of Tobacco Mosaic Virus Are Resistant to Some Other Tobamoviruses. Ali Nejidat. Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 U.S.A. Roger N. Beachy. Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 U.S.A. MPMI 3:247-251. Accepted 27 February 1990. Copyright 1990 The American Phytopathological Society.
Additional Keywords: amino acid sequence homology, systemic symptoms.
Transgenic tobacco plants expressing the coat protein (CP) gene of tobacco mosaic virus were tested for resistance against infection by five other tobamoviruses sharing 45-82% homology in CP amino acid sequence with the CP of tobacco mosaic virus. The transgenic plants (CP+) showed significant delays in systemic disease development after inoculation with tomato mosaic virus or tobacco mild green mosaic virus compared to the control (CP-) plants, but showed no resistance against infection by ribgrass mosaic virus. On a transgenic local lesion host, the CP+ plants showed greatly reduced numbers of necrotic lesions compared to the CP- plants after inoculation with tomato mosaic virus, pepper mild mottle virus, tobacco mild green mosaic virus, and Odontoglossum ringspot virus but not ribgrass mosaic virus. The implications of these results are discussed in relation to the possible mechanism(s) of CP-mediated protection.