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Qualitative and Quantitative Late Blight Resistance in the Potato Cultivar Sarpo Mira Is Determined by the Perception of Five Distinct RXLR Effectors

July 2012 , Volume 25 , Number  7
Pages  910 - 919

Hendrik Rietman,1 Gerard Bijsterbosch,1 Liliana M. Cano,2 Heung-Ryul Lee,1 Jack H. Vossen,1 Evert Jacobsen,1 Richard G. F. Visser,1 Sophien Kamoun,2 and Vivianne G. A. A. Vleeshouwers1

1Wageningen UR Plant Breeding, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 386, 6700 AJ, Wageningen, The Netherlands; 2The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich, NR4 7UH, United Kingdom

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Accepted 5 March 2012.

Potato defends against Phytophthora infestans infection by resistance (R)-gene-based qualitative resistance as well as a quantitative field resistance. R genes are renowned to be rapidly overcome by this oomycete, and potato cultivars with a decent and durable resistance to current P. infestans populations are hardly available. However, potato cultivar Sarpo Mira has retained resistance in the field over several years. We dissected the resistance of ‘Sarpo Mira’ in a segregating population by matching the responses to P. infestans RXLR effectors with race-specific resistance to differential strains. The resistance is based on the combination of four pyramided qualitative R genes and a quantitative R gene that was associated with field resistance. The qualitative R genes include R3a, R3b, R4, and the newly identified Rpi-Smira1. The qualitative resistances matched responses to avirulence (AVR)3a, AVR3b, AVR4, and AVRSmira1 RXLR effectors and were overcome by particular P. infestans strains. The quantitative resistance was determined to be conferred by a novel gene, Rpi-Smira2. It was only detected under field conditions and was associated with responses to the RXLR effector AvrSmira2. We foresee that effector-based resistance breeding will facilitate selecting and combining qualitative and quantitative resistances that may lead to a more durable resistance to late blight.

© 2012 The American Phytopathological Society