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Characterization of the Interactions Between Cucumber mosaic virus and Potato virus Y in Mixed Infections in Tomato

November 2010 , Volume 23 , Number  11
Pages  1,514 - 1,524

Tiziana Mascia,1,2 Fabrizio Cillo,2 Vilma Fanelli,1 Mariella Matilde Finetti-Sialer,1 Angelo De Stradis,2 Peter Palukaitis,3,4 and Donato Gallitelli1,2

1Dipartimento di Protezione delle Piante e Microbiologia Applicata, Università degli Studi di Bari, Via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy; 2Istituto di Virologia Vegetale del CNR, Unità Organizzativa di Bari, Via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy; 3Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie DD2 5DA, U.K.; 4PVGB, Division of Environmental and Life Sciences, Seoul Women's University, Seoul 139-774, South Korea

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Accepted 26 May 2010.

Mixed infection with the SON41 strain of Potato virus Y (PVY-SON41) in tomato increased accumulation of RNAs of strains Fny and LS of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV-Fny and CMV-LS, respectively) and enhanced disease symptoms. By contrast, replication of PVY-SON41 was downregulated by CMV-Fny and this was due to the CMV-Fny 2b protein. The CMV-FnyΔ2b mutant was unable to systemically invade the tomato plant because its movement was blocked at the bundle sheath of the phloem. The function needed for invading the phloem was complemented by PVY-SON41 in plants grown at 22°C whereas this complementation was not necessary in plants grown at 15°C. Mutations in the 2b protein coding sequence of CMV-Fny as well as inhibition of translation of the 2a/2b overlapping region of the 2a protein lessened both the accumulation of viral RNAs and the severity of symptoms. Both of these functions were complemented by PVY-SON41. Infection of CMV-Fny supporting replication of the Tfn-satellite RNA reduced the accumulation of CMV RNA and suppressed symptom expression also in plants mixed-infected with PVY-SON41. The interaction between CMV and PVY-SON41 in tomato exhibited different features from that documented in other hosts. The results of this work are relevant from an ecological and epidemiological perspective due to the frequency of natural mixed infection of CMV and PVY in tomato.

© 2010 The American Phytopathological Society