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Does Botrytis cinerea Ignore H2O2-Induced Oxidative Stress During Infection? Characterization of Botrytis Activator Protein 1

August 2009 , Volume 22 , Number  8
Pages  987 - 998

Nora Temme and Paul Tudzynski

Institut für Botanik, Westf. Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Schlossgarten 3, D-48149-Muenster, Germany

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Accepted 14 April 2009.

Botrytis cinerea is a phytopathogen infecting a broad range of plants including strawberries and grapevine. During infection, the necrotrophic fungus is exposed to reactive oxygen species (ROS) released by the oxidative burst, an early plant defense reaction. B. cinerea even produces ROS itself in planta. This raises questions about how the pathogen senses and responds to the host defense reaction and which role the pathogen's oxidative stress response systems play. Functional analysis of the AP-1 transcription factor Bap1 confirmed its role as a pivotal regulator of ROS detoxification in vitro. Macroarray analysis revealed 99 H2O2-induced Bap1 target genes, of which several genes encoded ROS-degrading enzymes as well as other central components of the cellular redox status. However, Bap1 is not essential for pathogenesis. In planta analyses revealed that the Bap1 target genes were not expressed 2 days postinoculation although H2O2 was detectable, proving that the normal virulence of the Δbap1 mutant is not due to alternative regulation of the major oxidative stress response system in planta. The fungus obviously does not suffer H2O2-induced oxidative stress in planta, questioning classical ideas about the role of the oxidative burst in the infection process.

© 2009 The American Phytopathological Society