Link to home

Identification of a New Locus, Ptr(t), Required for Rice Blast Resistance Gene Pi-ta--Mediated Resistance

April 2008 , Volume 21 , Number  4
Pages  396 - 403

Yulin Jia and Rodger Martin

United States Department of Agriculture-Agriculture Research Service, Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center, Stuttgart, AR 72160, U.S.A.

Go to article:
Accepted 17 January 2008.

Resistance to the blast pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae is proposed to be initiated by physical binding of a putative cytoplasmic receptor encoded by a nucleotide binding site-type resistance gene, Pi-ta, to the processed elicitor encoded by the corresponding avirulence gene AVR-Pita. Here, we report the identification of a new locus, Ptr(t), that is required for Pi-ta--mediated signal recognition. A Pi-ta--expressing susceptible mutant was identified using a genetic screen. Putative mutations at Ptr(t) do not alter recognition specificity to another resistance gene, Pi-ks, in the Pi-ta homozygote, indicating that Ptr(t) is more likely specific to Pi-ta--mediated signal recognition. Genetic crosses of Pi-ta Ptr(t) and Pi-ta ptr(t) homozygotes suggest that Ptr(t) segregates as a single dominant nuclear gene. A ratio of 1:1 (resistant/susceptible) of a population of BC1 of Pi-ta Ptr(t) with pi-ta ptr(t) homozygotes indicates that Pi-ta and Ptr(t) are linked and cosegregate. Genotyping of mutants of pi-ta ptr(t) and Pi-ta Ptr(t) homozygotes using ten simple sequence repeat markers at the Pi-ta region determined that Pi-ta and Ptr(t) are located within a 9-megabase region and are of indica origin. Identification of Ptr(t) is a significant advancement in studying Pi-ta--mediated signal recognition and transduction.

Additional keywords:disease resistance.

The American Phytopathological Society, 2008