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Profiling of Wheat Class III Peroxidase Genes Derived from Powdery Mildew-Attacked Epidermis Reveals Distinct Sequence-Associated Expression Patterns

July 2005 , Volume 18 , Number  7
Pages  730 - 741

Guosheng Liu , 1 Xiaoyan Sheng , 1 David L. Greenshields , 1 Adam Ogieglo , 1 Susan Kaminskyj , 1 Gopalan Selvaraj , 2 and Yangdou Wei 1

1Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, S7N 5E2, Canada; 2National Research Council of Canada, Plant Biotechnology Institute, Saskatoon, S7N 0W9, Canada

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Accepted 23 February 2005.

A cDNA library was constructed from leaf epidermis of diploid wheat (Triticum monococcum) infected with the powdery mildew fungus (Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici) and was screened for genes encoding peroxidases. From 2,500 expressed sequence tags (ESTs), 36 cDNAs representing 10 peroxidase genes (designated TmPRX1 to TmPRX10) were isolated and further characterized. Alignment of the deduced amino acid sequences and phylogenetic clustering with peroxidases from other plant species demonstrated that these peroxidases fall into four distinct groups. Differential expression and tissue-specific localization among the members were observed during the B. graminis f. sp. tritici attack using Northern blots and reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analyses. Consistent with its abundance in the EST collection, TmPRX1 expression showed the highest induction during pathogen attack and fluctuated in response to the fungal parasitic stages. TmPRX1 to TmPRX6 were expressed predominantly in mesophyll cells, whereas TmPRX7 to TmPRX10, which feature a putative C-terminal propeptide, were detectable mainly in epidermal cells. Using TmPRX8 as a representative, we demonstrated that its C-terminal propeptide was sufficient to target a green fluorescent protein fusion protein to the vacuoles in onion cells. Finally, differential expression profiles of the TmPRXs after abiotic stresses and signal molecule treatments were used to dissect the potential role of these peroxidases in multiple stress and defense pathways.

Additional keywords: cell wall appositions (CWAs) , papilla , reactive oxygen species (ROS) .

© 2005 The American Phytopathological Society