1Plant-Microbe Interactions and Plant Health, INRA-UNSA-CNRS 400, route des Chappes, BP 167, 06 903 Sophia Antipolis Cedex, France; 2INRA-Agrocampus Bio3P, BO35327, 35653 Le Rheu Cedex, France
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Accepted 24 March 2005.
Plant parasitic nematodes have been, so far, refractory to transformation or mutagenesis. The functional analysis of nematode genes relies on the development of reverse genetic tools adapted to these obligate parasites. Here, we describe the application of RNA interference (RNAi) to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita for the knock-down of two genes expressed in the subventral esophageal glands of the nematode and potentially involved in parasitism, the calreticulin (Mi-crt) and the polygalacturonase (Mi-pg-1) genes. Incubation in 1% resorcinol for 4 h induced double-stranded RNA uptake through the alimentary track of the nematodes and led to up to 92% depletion of Mi-crt transcripts. Timecourse analysis of the silencing showed different temporal patterns for Mi-crt and Mi-pg-1. The silencing of Mi-crt was optimal 20 h after soaking, whereas the silencing of Mi-pg-1 was optimal 44 h after soaking. For the two genes, the silencing effect was highly time-limited, since no transcript depletion was detectable 68 h after soaking.
© 2005 The American Phytopathological Society