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Nematode-Induced Changes of Transporter Gene Expression in Arabidopsis Roots

December 2005 , Volume 18 , Number  12
Pages  1,247 - 1,257

Ulrich Z. Hammes , 1 Daniel P. Schachtman , 1 R. Howard Berg , 1 Erik Nielsen , 1 Wolfgang Koch , 2 Lauren M. McIntyre , 3 and Christopher G. Taylor 1

1Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, 975 N. Warson Rd., St. Louis, MO 63132, U.S.A.; 2Plant Physiology, ZMBP, University of Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 1, 72076 Tübingen, Germany; 3Purdue University Computational Genomics, Department of Agronomy, West Lafayette, IN 47907, U.S.A.

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Accepted 11 July 2005.

Root-knot plant-parasitic nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) account for much of the damage inflicted to plants by nematodes. The feeding sites of these nematodes consist of “giant” cells, which have characteristics of transfer cells found in other parts of plants. Increased transport activity across the plasma membrane is a hallmark of transfer cells, and giant cells provide nutrition for nematodes; therefore, we initiated a study to identify the transport processes that contribute to the development and function of nematode-induced feeding sites. The study was conducted over a 4-week period, during which time the large changes in the development of giant cells were documented. The Arabidopsis ATH1 GeneChip was used to identify the many transporter genes that were regulated by nematode infestation. Expression of 50 transporter genes from 18 different gene families was significantly changed upon nematode infestation. Sixteen transporter genes were studied in more detail using real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction to determine transcript abundance in nematode-induced galls that contain giant cells and uninfested regions of the root. Certain genes were expressed primarily in galls whereas others were expressed primarily in the uninfested regions of the root, and a third group was expressed evenly throughout the root. Multiple transport processes are regulated and these may play important roles in nematode feeding-site establishment and maintenance.

Additional keywords: membrane transport, microarray.

© 2005 The American Phytopathological Society