1Universität Bielefeld, Fakultät für Biologie, Lehrstuhl für Genetik, P. O. Box 100131, D-33501 Bielefeld, Germany; 2Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung, Corrensstr. 3, D-06466 Gatersleben, Germany
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Accepted 6 August 2003.
The VfLb29 leghemoglobin gene promoter was polymerase chain reaction-amplified from a Vicia faba genomic library and was fused to the gusAint coding region. Expression of the chimeric gene was analyzed in transgenic hairy roots of the legumes V. faba, V. hirsuta, and Medicago truncatula as well as in transgenic Nicotiana tabacum plants. The VfLb29 promoter was found to be specifically active not only in the infected cells of the nitrogen-fixing zone of root nodules but also in arbuscule-containing cells of transgenic V. faba and M. truncatula roots colonized by the endomycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices. In addition to these two legumes, specific expression in arbuscule-containing cells was also observed in the nonlegume N. tabacum. All studies were done in comparison to the V. faba leghemoglobin gene promoter VfLb3 that as VfLb29 was expressed in the infected cells of root nodules but showed no activity in endomycorrhiza. An activation of the VfLb29 promoter due to hypoxia in metabolically active tissues was excluded. The conserved activation in arbuscule-containing cells of legumes and the nonlegume N. tabacum suggests a conserved trigger for this promoter in legume and nonlegume endomycorrhiza symbioses.
© 2004 The American Phytopathological Society