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Importance of opgHXcv of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria in Host-Parasite Interactions

February 2004 , Volume 17 , Number  2
Pages  152 - 161

G. V. Minsavage , 1 M. B. Mudgett , 2 R. E. Stall , 1 and J. B. Jones 1

1Plant Pathology Department, University of Florida, P.O. Box 110680, Gainesville, FL 32611, U.S.A.; 2Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, 228A Gilbert, 371 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, U.S.A.

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Accepted 22 September 2003.

Tn5 insertion mutants of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria were inoculated into tomato and screened for reduced virulence. One mutant exhibited reduced aggressiveness and attenuated growth in planta. Southern blot analyses indicated that the mutant carried a single Tn5 insertion not associated with previously cloned pathogenicity-related genes of X. campestris pv. vesicatoria. The wild-type phenotype of this mutant was restored by one recombinant plasmid (pOPG361) selected from a genomic library of X. campestris pv. vesicatoria 91--118. Tn3-gus insertion mutagenesis and sequence analyses of a sub-clone of pOPG361 identified a 1,929-bp open reading frame (ORF) essential for complementation of the mutants. The predicted protein encoded by this ORF was highly homologous to the previously reported pathogenicity-related HrpM protein of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae and OpgH of Erwinia chrysanthemi. Based on homology, the new locus was designated opgHXcv. Manipulation of the osmotic potential in the intercellular spaces of tomato leaves by addition of mannitol at low concentrations (25 to 50 mM) compensates for the opgHXcv mutation.

© 2004 The American Phytopathological Society