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Plant Defense Genes Associated with Quantitative Resistance to Potato Late Blight in Solanum phureja × Dihaploid S. tuberosum Hybrids

June 2002 , Volume 15 , Number  6
Pages  587 - 597

Friederike Trognitz , Patricia Manosalva , Rene Gysin , David Niño-Liu , Reinhard Simon , Ma. del Rosario Herrera , Bodo Trognitz , Marc Ghislain , and Rebecca Nelson

International Potato Center, P.O. Box 1558, Lima 12, Peru

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Accepted 12 February 2002.

Markers corresponding to 27 plant defense genes were tested for linkage disequilibrium with quantitative resistance to late blight in a diploid potato population that had been used for mapping quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for late blight resistance. Markers were detected by using (i) hybridization probes for plant defense genes, (ii) primer pairs amplifying conserved domains of resistance (R) genes, (iii) primers for defense genes and genes encoding transcriptional regulatory factors, and (iv) primers allowing amplification of sequences flanking plant defense genes by the ligation-mediated polymerase chain reaction. Markers were initially screened by using the most resistant and susceptible individuals of the population, and those markers showing different allele frequencies between the two groups were mapped. Among the 308 segregating bands detected, 24 loci (8%) corresponding to six defense gene families were associated with resistance at χ2 ≥ 13, the threshold established using the permutation test at P = 0.05. Loci corresponding to genes related to the phenylpropanoid pathway (phenylalanine ammonium lyase [PAL], chalcone isomerase [CHI], and chalcone synthase [CHS]), loci related to WRKY regulatory genes, and other defense genes (osmotin and a Phytophthora infestans-induced cytochrome P450) were significantly associated with quantitative disease resistance. A subset of markers was tested on the mapping population of 94 individuals. Ten defense-related markers were clustered at a QTL on chromosome III, and three defense-related markers were located at a broad QTL on chromosome XII. The association of candidate genes with QTLs is a step toward understanding the molecular basis of quantitative resistance to an important plant disease.

Additional keywords: gene mapping .

© 2002 The American Phytopathological Society