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The Broad-Spectrum Tospovirus Resistance Gene Sw-5 of Tomato Is a Homolog of the Root-Knot Nematode Resistance Gene Mi

October 2000 , Volume 13 , Number  10
Pages  1,130 - 1,138

Sergio H. Brommonschenkel , 1 , 2 Amy Frary , 1 Anne Frary , 1 and Steven D. Tanksley 1

1Department of Plant Breeding, Department of Plant Biology, 252 Emerson Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca NY 14853 U.S.A.; 2Departamento de Fitopatologia/BIOAGRO, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, 36571-000 Viçosa-MG Brazil

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Accepted 8 June 2000.

We used a positional cloning approach to isolate the Sw-5 disease resistance locus of tomato. Complementation experiments with overlapping cosmid clones enabled us to demonstrate that Sw-5 is a single gene locus capable of recognizing several tospovirus isolates and species. Analysis of the predicted Sw-5 protein suggests that it is a cytoplasmic protein, with a potential nucleotide binding site (NBS) domain and a C-terminal end consisting of leucine-rich repeats (LRRs). Based on its structural features, Sw-5 belongs to the class of NBS-LRR resistance genes that includes the tomato Mi, I2, and Prf genes; the Arabidopsis RPM1 gene; and the plant potato virus X resistance gene Rx. The overall similarity between the Sw-5 and Mi proteins of tomato suggests that a shared or comparable signal transduction pathway leads to both virus and nematode resistance in tomato. The similarity also supports the hypothesis that Sw-5 provides resistance via a hypersensitive response. Sw-5 is a member of a loosely clustered gene family in the telomeric region of chromosome 9. Members of this family map to other regions of chromosome 9 and also to chromosome 12, where several fungal, virus, and nematode genes have been mapped, suggesting that paralogs of Sw-5 may have evolved to provide different resistance specificities.

Additional keywords: Lycopersicon esculentum, map-based cloning, Tomato spotted wilt virus, TSWV.

© 2000 The American Phytopathological Society