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Resistance of Tomato Line Hawaii7996 to Ralstonia solanacearum Pss4 in Taiwan Is Controlled Mainly by a Major Strain-Specific Locus

January 2000 , Volume 13 , Number  1
Pages  6 - 13

Jaw-Fen Wang , 1 Jocelyne Olivier , 2 Philippe Thoquet , 2 Brigitte Mangin , 3 Laurent Sauviac , 2 and Nigel H. Grimsley 2

1Bacteriology Unit, AVRDC, P.O. Box 42, Shanhua, Tainan, Taiwan 741; 2Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire des Relations Plantes-Microorganismes, CNRS-INRA, B.P. 27 Auzeville, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France; 3Unité de Biométrie et Intélligence Artificielle, B.P. 27 Auzeville, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France

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Accepted 10 September 1999.

Bacterial wilt caused by the soilborne bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum attacks hundreds of plant species, including many agriculturally important crops. Natural resistance to this disease has been found in some species and is usually inherited as a polygenic trait. In tomato, a model crop plant, genetic analysis previously revealed the involvement of several QTL (quantitative trait loci) controlling resistance and, in all of these studies with different strains of the pathogen, loci on chromosome 6 played the predominant role in controlling this trait. Using quantitative data collected from a greenhouse test F3 population, we identified a new locus on chromosome 12 that appears to be active specifically against a race 1 biovar 3 Pss4 bacterial strain endemic to Taiwan. Chromosome 6 still contributes significantly to the control of the resistance, and weaker associations of the trait to other regions of the genome are observed. These results are discussed in the context of current molecular knowledge about the strain specificity of disease resistance genes.

Additional keywords: Burkholderia solanacearum, Lycopersicon, Pseudomonas solanacearum, tolerance.

© 2000 The American Phytopathological Society