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Expression of a Pathogen-Induced Gene Can Be Mimicked by Auxin Insensitivity

January 2000 , Volume 13 , Number  1
Pages  23 - 31

Esther Mayda , Carmen Marqués , Vicente Conejero , and Pablo Vera

Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Plantas (IBMCP), Universidad Politécnica-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022-Valencia, Spain

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Accepted 20 September 1999.

Following perception of a pathogenic attack, plants are able to develop a strong response with the corresponding activation of a plethora of defense-related genes. In this study we have characterized the mode of expression of the CEVI-1 gene from tomato plants, which encodes an anionic peroxidase. CEVI-1 expression is induced during the course of compatible viral and subviral infections, like many other defense-related genes, but is induced neither in incompatible interactions nor by signal molecules such as salicylic acid, ethylene, or methyl jasmonate. Additionally, CEVI-1 is induced in detached leaf tissues following a pathway distinct from that related to the classical wound response. We also describe the characterization of the structural CEVI-1 gene and compare the mode of expression in different transgenic plant species harboring a CEVI-1::GUS construct. Furthermore, we have isolated mutants in Arabidopsis, called dth mutants, that are deregulated in the control of expression of this gene. From the initial analysis of some of these mutants it seems that activation of CEVI-1 gene expression correlates with a defect in the perception of auxins by the plant. All these results may suggest that, during systemic infections with viruses, auxin homeostasis is one of the components participating in the regulation of the overall defense response.

Additional keywords: SAR, ToMV.

© 2000 The American Phytopathological Society