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Mapping of Avirulence Genes in the Rice Blast Fungus, Magnaporthe grisea, with RFLP and RAPD Markers

February 2000 , Volume 13 , Number  2
Pages  217 - 227

Waly Dioh , 1 Didier Tharreau , 2 Jean Loup Notteghem , 2 Marc Orbach , 3 and Marc-Henri Lebrun 1

1Génétique Moléculaire des Champignons Phytopathogènes, Institut de Génétique et Microbiologie, CNRS-URA 2255, Bâtiment 400, Université Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay, France; 2CIRAD-CA, BP 5035, 34032 Montpellier, France; 3Department of Plant Pathology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721-0036, U.S.A.

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Accepted 25 October 1999.

Three genetically independent avirulence genes, AVR1-Irat7, AVR1-MedNoï, and AVR1-Ku86, were identified in a cross involving isolates Guy11 and 2/0/3 of the rice blast fungus, Magnaporthe grisea. Using 76 random progeny, we constructed a partial genetic map with restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers revealed by probes such as the repeated sequences MGL/MGR583 and Pot3/MGR586, cosmids from the M. grisea genetic map, and a telomere sequence oligonucleotide. Avirulence genes AVR1-MedNoï and AVR1-Ku86 were closely linked to te-lomere RFLPs such as marker TelG (6 cM from AVR1-MedNoï) and TelF (4.5 cM from AVR1-Ku86). Avirulence gene AVR1-Irat7 was linked to a cosmid RFLP located on chromosome 1 and mapped at 20 cM from the avirulence gene AVR1-CO39. Using bulked segregant analysis, we identified 11 random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers closely linked (0 to 10 cM) to the avirulence genes segregating in this cross. Most of these RAPD markers corresponded to junction fragments between known or new transposons and a single-copy sequence. Such junctions or the whole sequences of single-copy RAPD markers were frequently absent in one parental isolate. Single-copy sequences from RAPD markers tightly linked to avirulence genes will be used for positional cloning.

© 2000 The American Phytopathological Society