POSTERS: New and emerging diseases
Coffee quarantine pathogens: a high risk to the Colombian economy within unrestrained markets and immigration dynamics.
Carlos Angel - CENICAFE, FNC Colombia. Alvaro Gaitan- CENICAFE, FNC Colombia, Nancy Arciniegas Basante- CENICAFE, FNC Colombia, Rosa Ferrucho- CENICAFE, FNC Colombia, Gustavo A. Marín R.- CENICAFE, FNC Colombia
Coffee is one of the most valued commodities produced for nearly 25 million families in more than 60 countries. Colombia is the third largest producer with 14 million 60 kg bags annually, being the most important crop planted by 540,000 families in 887,000 hectares. Currently, there is a high risk for entry of very aggressive quarantine pathogens due to legal or illegal movement of plant and bean materials, and human immigration from countries where those pathogens exist. Based on biology, epidemiology and economics, the most threatening quarantine pathogens to Colombia´s coffee are Colletotrichum kahawae subsp. kahawae, Fusarium xylarioides, Pseudomonas syringae pv. garcae, Xylella fastidiosa, and Coffee ringspot virus, among others. They can increase production costs, yield and quality losses, and restrictions on international trade, with severe economic, social and environmental impacts. Consequently, FNC - Cenicafé works on a framework to exclude, prevent entrance, mitigate risks, and manage these pathogens based on International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures. The strategy suggests technical and legal measures to the National Plant Protection Organization, working with government, farmers, academics, industry, and research institutions, based on Pest Risk Analysis for entrance and establishment, and Contingency Plans for opportune and effective response when an outbreak is detected. Development and standardization of diagnosis methods, surveillance on ports of entry and fields are required for early detection, to support eradication actions of possible outbreaks.