SPECIAL SESSION: Propagate Plants, not Pests and Pathogens
Dip before you stick: benefits and risks of cutting dip treatments against arthropod pests
Rose Buitenhuis - Vineland Research and Innovation Centre.
Dipping is a technique where unrooted cuttings are immersed in a suspension before they are stuck in growing media. We tested biopesticides (entomopathogenic fungi) and/or reduced risk materials such as insecticidal soap or mineral oil as a dip against Bemisia whiteflies, western flower thrips and two spotted spider mites on poinsettia, chrysanthemum and various bedding plants in research trials and commercial greenhouses. We also evaluated the risk of disease (Pectobacterium) transfer through the dipping process in poinsettia.
We demonstrated that cutting dips are an effective, economic and safe method to reduce pest infestation levels at the beginning of the production cycle and that biocontrol strategies are more effective thereafter. Furthermore, use of cutting dips in combination with biocontrol mitigates the risk of resistance, so that pesticides can be used as a clean-up spray at the end of production, if needed.